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Internationnal School Rabat

Child Protection policy

Charter for Child Protection

Preamble

At KGS, we consider each child as a person in his own right. Children development is our ultimate goal

The aim of this charter is raising awareness among children, Khalil Gibran School students about the situation of children in the world and their fundamental rights as a way of making them well informed citizens.

As well as to start with the assessment and implementation of these rights within KGS since at our institution, we have over 43 nationalities.

Khalil Gibran is therefore committed to:

  • Instilling the general principles and fundamental rights in children,
  • Increase awareness of the administrative staff, the teaching staff and anyone working in KGS about child protection.

Why this charter?

Child protection is a major universal concern, Khalil Gibran School, as an institution has chosen to make this matter a priority.

The present Charter summarizes firstly the fundamental rights of children which are recognized by all the legal bodies working in this area and secondly sums up the commitments of Khalil Gibran School in child protection.

To whom is it directed?

The present charter is intended for children, Khalil Gibran School students in order to raise their awareness; it is also dedicated to parents and administrative and teaching staff of our school.

Khalil Gibran School shares this charter with all its partners.

CONTENTS

Article 1: Child definition

Article 2: Right to life

Article 3: Right to health

Article 4: Right to education

Article 5: Right to identity and its protection

Article 6: Right to have a family

Article7: Right to non-discrimination

Article 8: Right to freedom of thought, opinion and expression

Article 9: Right to privacy protection

Article 10: Right to image protection

Article 11: Right to protection from abuse and exploitation

Article 12: Right of children with disabilities

Article 13 : Right to leisure

Article 14 : Responsibility of parents

Article 15: Khalil Gibran School of commitments


Article 1: Child definition

For the purposes of the present Charter, a child means any person under the age of 18 by virtue of the majority provided by Moroccan law.

Article 2 : Right to life

The right to life is a universally recognized right for all human beings. It is a fundamental right that governs all other existing rights. If there is no life, other fundamental rights have no reason to exist.

For children, the right to life is having the chance to live a child life and have the opportunity to grow, develop and become adult.

This right has two essential aspects: the right to enjoy a protected life from birth and the right to survive and develop properly.

Article 3 : Right to health

Health of every human being, especially a child, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Right to health is closely linked to other fundamental human rights, including access to safe drinking water and adequate remediation.

Article 4: Right to education

Education is a basic right, which allows everyone to be educated and be flourished in his social life.

This right is vital for the economic, social and cultural development of all societies.

Every child has the right to education. State, family and civil society are jointly responsible for children's access to school.

Article 5: Right to identity and its protection

From birth, each person has the right to an identity. The person identity is the assertion of their existence within a society. It is also a proof of their individuality and what distinguishes them from everybody else.

Every child has the right to their own identity and its protection.

Article 6 : Right to have a family

A family is a community of people united by ties of kinship in all human societies. It has a name, a home, and creates among its members a duty of moral and material solidarity (especially between parents and children).

Every child deserves a family for his development.

For orphaned children, public services and competent authorities are responsible for finding their host families.

Article7: Right to non-discrimination

Discrimination is treating unequally and adversely a person or group of persons because of race, color, sex, nationality, language, religion or social origin.

The prohibition of discrimination is a fundamental and absolute principle, proclaimed by all international standards of human rights. Any discrimination against any person is a serious violation of human rights.

Article 8: Right to freedom of thought, opinion and expression

There are two categories of these freedoms:

  • Individual freedoms : they correspond to the freedoms that all individuals possess. The most fundamental individual freedoms are the freedoms of opinion, expression, movement, thought, conscience, religion and the right to privacy.
  • Collective freedoms : they correspond to the freedoms to which groups of people are entitled. Such freedoms include the freedom of association, peaceful assembly, the right to form and join trade unions and the right to strike.

These freedoms are absolute but are subject to certain restrictions.

Just like adults, children have rights and freedoms. But children are developing beings who are more fragile and vulnerable than adults. Thus until they become adults, children have more limited freedoms to ensure their safety and welfare.

The supervision of these rights and their protection is the responsibility of State, parents and / or guardians of the child as well as the school.

Article 9 : Right to privacy protection

Respect of children privacy from any arbitrary intrusion is a fundamental right recognized under the International Convention of Children's Rights.

Article 10 : Right to image protection

Right to image is the right of every person to have his/her own image. Specifically, this right allows a person to object to the publication, distribution or use, whether commercial or otherwise, of his/her image in the name of privacy respect.

Prior to any publication of a photo, in paper or electronic form, the broadcaster must obtain the broadcasting license of the person concerned. This person must be clearly recognizable on the relevant medium.

It will obviously be preferable to seek the consent of the person before taking a picture of him/her because taking a photograph does not correspond at all to an implied consent.

Article 11 : Right to protection from abuse and exploitation

A child is abused when a person or a situation threatens his development, his security and survival. Many forms of abuse are criminal.

There are several categories of abuse:

Physical violence :  The use of unreasonable force against a child. What is considered reasonable depends on the age of the child and the severity of the actions. There can be no question, for example, to hit, to trowel, shake, strangle or burn a child or kick him. The abuse also includes any act of a caregiver that could put the  life, health or well-being of the child in danger.

Emotional abuse: Refers more to psychological violence than emotional neglect. There can be a question of repeated attacks against the feeling of self-confidence of a child, insults, isolation, rejection, unrealistic expectations or constant criticism. Terrorizing a child by threatening to kill the family pet is also a part of this category.

Sexual abuse:  Any sexual act involving a child and an adult or another child. It may be fondling, touching, sex or sexual exploitation of children, such as when an adult takes pornographic photographs or places the child in an operating danger. It may also be subject to various forms of non-physical violence, including exhibitionism, exposure to pornography and voyeurism.

Physical Neglect: The failure to meet basic needs of the child by a parent or a person caring of him. That may not provide the child with food, shelter or adequate clothing, not to ensure his health or deny the necessary health care. There is also negligence when a person caring for a child cannot monitor or supervise the child or has no interest to do so. Not ensuring that the child attends school or not protecting him  from harming  himself or others  is also an act of  neglect.

Passive violence: is the fact that a person acknowledges  that a child is abused or neglected and do not report it to authorities. This may be for example a person who suspects that a child is sexually abused, but that does nothing to stop it.

Article 12 : Right of children with disabilities

The 2006 Convention related to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities gives the following definition:

“Persons with disabilities include those who have lasting physical, mental, intellectual or sensory incapacities, which, in interaction with various barriers, may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with other.”

The causes of disability are many, and it is unfortunately true that many cases could be avoided through prevention and better access to care. Indeed, disability is primarily caused by:

  • Genetic disorders;
  • Some diseases (polio, for example);
  • Malnutrition ;
  • War (including landmines);
  • Poor hygiene and care;
  • Poverty (which often results in the cases cited above)

Article 13 : Right to leisure

The access to leisure is essential and is one of the rights recognized by the International Convention of Children's Rights. Often overlooked or denigrated, free time and games are essential to physical and psychological development of children.

Studies show that leisure allows children to improve their social adaptation and integration capabilities, especially during group activities, but also their creativity and the development of other forms of intelligence and sensitivity and to structure themselves emotionally.

Unfortunately, poor children have less access to leisure than others, and many efforts are still required to democratize this right.

Article 14 : Responsibility of parents

Parents are the guardian who looks forward to the highest interest of the children.

The highest interest of the child aims to promote and ensure the welfare of all children, on several aspects:

  • Physical well-being: ensure good health and proper development of the child.
  • Mental well-being: provide the child the opportunity to grow intellectually.
  • Social well-being: provide the child the opportunity to grow socially, spiritually, etc.

Child protection must be ensured primarily by the parents and the community surrounding it, then by States.

Of course, the well-being of each child cannot be obtained with the same manner. Each child is a unique individual with specific needs.

Also, his individual characteristics (age, sex, health status, the existence or absence of a disability, the presence or absence of parents, environment, etc.) will help identify his needs to achieve the well-being.

However, these individual characteristics should not lead to discrimination against children.

These people must have the necessary skills, knowledge and motivation for effective protection of children, identify and react against possible cases of discrimination, neglect, or mistreatment.

Effective protection of children is vital to their well-being, because, due to their vulnerability, they are more exposed to various abuse problems, exploitation, discrimination and violence.

Article 15 : Khalil Gibran School of commitments

In this regard, Khalil Gibran School commits to :

- Make the children and the childhood  protection a priority in cooperation with public authorities, parents and civil society,

- Protect the identity of the child in KGS,

- Eliminate all forms of discrimination and inequality among children,

- To educate and teach children in a healthful and balanced environment,

- Respect the right to freedom of thought, opinion and expression of the children,

- Protecting the children privacy from any intrusion,

- Never use children images, Khalil Gibran School students without an expressed written consent of the parents and / or legal tutors,

- Remove all forms of abuse against children in Khalil Gibran

- Integrate and assist children with Disabilities and teach children respect for others,

- Provide leisure and fulfillment activities for children.

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